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Medicinal Plantation

Medicinal plants have long been utilized in traditional medicine and worldwide ethnomedicine. This chapter presents a glimpse of the current status of and future trends in medicinal plant genomics, evolution, and phylogeny. These dynamic fields are at the intersection of phytochemistry and plant biology and are concerned with evolution mechanisms and systematics of medicinal plant genomes, origin and evolution of plant genotype and metabolic phenotype, interaction between medicinal plant genomes and environment, and correlation between genomic diversity and metabolite diversity, etc. The uses of the emerging high-end genomic technologies can be expanded from crop plants to traditional medicinal plants to expedite the medicinal plant breeding and transform them to the living factory of medicinal compounds. The utility of molecular phylogeny and phylogenomics in predicting chemodiversity and bioprospecting is also highlighted within the context of natural product-based drug discovery and development.

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In general use, herbs are a widely distributed and widespread group of plants, excluding vegetables and other plants consumed for macronutrients, with savory or aromatic properties that are used for flavoring and garnishing food, for medicinal purposes, or for fragrances. Culinary use typically distinguishes herbs from spices. Herbs generally refers to the leafy green or flowering parts of a plant (either fresh or dried), while spices are usually dried and produced from other parts of the plant, including seeds, bark, roots and fruits. Herbs have a variety of uses including culinary, medicinal, aromatic and in some cases, spiritual. General usage of the term "herb" differs between culinary herbs and medicinal herbs; in medicinal or spiritual use, any parts of the plant might be considered as "herbs", including leaves, roots, flowers, seeds, root bark, inner bark (and cambium), resin and pericarp.



Fruits are the means by which flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) disseminate their seeds. Jago Bharat Foundation is a registered Non-Profit, Non- Government Organisation that was established by a group of Social Workers with the basic objective of serving as a change agent among the people at large in a positive direction retaining however all that is noble and wholesome in the time-honoured tradition and value-frame of our society. Jago Bharat Foundation is a not-for profit organisation that has been working for more than a decade now towards making deep, large scale and institutionalised impact on the quality and equity of education in India. A large scale educational change requires significant and can only be achieved through working at multiple levels as well as on several areas simultaneously.